ICMA’s Municipal Form of Government survey has been conducted nine times since 1974 and is the most comprehensive resource available on form of government, provisions for referenda or recall, terms of office, mayoral powers, and other data pertaining to the structure of local government in the United States.

The 2018 edition of ICMA’s Municipal Form of Government Survey was distributed by mail to the clerks of all 12,761 municipal governments in ICMA’s database. The survey was returned by 4,109 respondents for a 32.2% response rate.

In this report, questions are organized by topic rather than the order in which they originally appeared in the survey instrument. The appendix provides a sequential list of questions mapped to the page and section in which summary data can be found.

Looking for a snapshot of the survey results? Download the Municipal Form of Government Infographic!

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