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In this article, former ICMA Executive Director Robert J. O’Neill Jr. (2002-16), asserts that the mayor-manager conundrum allegedly taking place among larger U.S. cities—which pits strong political leadership against managerial leadership and effectiveness—is not and should not be an "either/or" proposition. Bob discusses how, for a community to be successful, it needs strong political leadership, strong policy development, a relentless focus on execution and results, a commitment to transparent and ethical government, and a strategy for representing and engaging every segment of the community.